Migration and development

Assessing the Economic Contribution of Labour Migration in Developing Countries as Countries of Destination (ECLM)

 

OECD Development Centre

European Union
This project is co-funded
 
by the European Union

About

 

Rationale

 

Events

 

Timeline

 

Contact us

  

About

 

In August 2014, the OECD Development Centre, in collaboration with the International Labour Organization (ILO), initiated a three-and-a-half-year project aimed at assessing the economic contribution of labour migration in developing countries as countries of destination. The project, co-funded by the EU Thematic Programme on Migration and Asylum, seeks to arrive at a reliable and evidence-based understanding of how immigration affects the economies of a number of low-income and middle-income countries, considering in particular:

 

  • contribution to GDP and growth
  • impact on the labour market
  • impact on public finances and social services.

 

The project is being undertaken in ten developing countries across Asia, Africa and Latin America.

 

Objectives

 

  • Develop a methodology for assessing the impacts of migration in developing countries in their role as countries of destination, in close co-operation with national authorities, academia and civil society.
  • Apply the methodology in, and with a number of partner countries, to measure the contribution of labour migration to their economies.
  • Gather data and arrive at conclusions about the economic contribution of labour immigration in developing countries.
  • Propose policy recommendations with a view to potentially applying the methodology in other developing countries and using the project results for policy development.
  • Disseminate the results of the project so that they can inform EU development co-operation instruments and dialogues between the EU and partner countries, as well as global debates and initiatives in the field of migration and development.

 

Added value

 

  • The project assesses the economic importance of labour immigration in a significant number of developing countries where immigrants represent a large share of the workforce in key economic sectors.
  • It addresses the economic contribution of labour migration in South-South contexts. Until now, this aspect has scarcely been examined and has been poorly considered in policy making.
  • It fosters strong synergies and co-operation with public institutions, national statistical and data collection offices, as well as with academia and civil society actors in partner countries, particularly those involved in economic, labour and employment affairs.

  

Rationale

 

The debate over the migration-development nexus has been gaining global momentum since the 2006 UN High-level Dialogue on Migration and Development and has contributed to increasing knowledge and awareness of the link between migration and development. While this debate has made it possible to document certain aspects of migration that affect developing countries -- such as remittances, the impact and potential of brain circulation, and the role of diasporas -- it has nevertheless tended to overlook the impacts of migration in developing countries as destination countries.

 

Despite its importance for the economies and development of many low-income and middle-income countries, where labour migration represents a large share of the workforce in key economic sectors, the economic contribution of labour migration to the development of destination countries as countries of destination has scarcely been examined and is poorly considered in economic and employment policy making.

 

A better understanding of this issue will be essential to designing evidence-based labour and migration policies, improving labour management and securing the appropriate protection of migrant rights.

 

 

Events

Training Workshops to prepare for a Sector Study in the project partner countries (May – December 2016):

3 – 7 May 2016, Accra, Ghana

The second event in Ghana, together with the Centre for Migration Studies (University of Ghana).

 

25 – 29 July 2016, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

The second event in Kyrgyzstan, together with OcOO DialectICON.

 

15 – 29 August 2016, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

The second event in Côte d'Ivoire, together with Laboratoire de Sociologie Economique et d'Anthropologie des Appartenances Symboliques (LAASSE), Université FHB d'Abidjan.

 

29 August – 2 September 2016, Kathmandu, Nepal

The second event in Nepal, together with Social Science Baha  and its affiliate Centre for the Study of Labour and Mobility (CESLAM).

 

National Consultation Seminars (April – December 2015):

1 December 2015, Kathmandu, Nepal

The OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization held a national consultation seminar in Nepal.

 

17 November 2015Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

The OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization held a national consultation seminar in Kyrgyzstan.

 

25 September 2015, Kigali, Rwanda 

The OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization held a national consultation seminar in Rwanda.

 

15 September 2015, Bangkok, Thailand 

The OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization held a national consultation seminar in Thailand.

 

30 June 2015, Buenos Aires, Argentina 

The OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization held a national consultation seminar in Argentina.

 

23 June 2015, Pretoria, South Africa 

The OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization held a national consultation seminar in South Africa.

 

26 May 2015, Accra, Ghana 

The OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization held a national consultation seminar in Ghana.

 

19 May 2015, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

The OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization held a national consultation seminar in the Dominican Republic.

 

7 May 2015, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

The OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization held a national consultation seminar in Côte d'Ivoire.

 

21 April 2015, San José, Costa Rica

The OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization held a national consultation seminar in Costa Rica, the first in-country event for the project.

 

International Expert Meeting (February 2015): 

23-24 February 2015, Paris, France

The OECD Development Centre held an expert meeting aimed at consolidating the methodological foundation of the project. 

 

 

Timeline

 

Phase I: Inception (August 2014 – November 2014)

During the inception phase, countries will be encouraged to express their interest and willingness to participate in the project. Following this, country-level consultations with local authorities will take place. Workers and employers’ organisations, as well as national statistical offices, will also be consulted during  this phase.

 

Phase II: Conceptual and methodological framework (December 2014 – July 2015)

The second phase of the project will concentrate on the development of a common conceptual and methodological framework. In each participating country, a local research partner will be chosen based on the institution’s demonstrated experience in the field of migration and development.  Additionally, an international expert meeting will be organised to share knowledge on and experience in developing methodologies for assessing the economic contribution of labour migration.

 

Phase III: Work at country level (August 2015 – July 2016)

The focus of Phase III will be the application in each country of the common methodology developed in the previous phase. This will be carried out in close co-operation with local partners. In addition, specific sectoral analyses will be carried out in the sectors identified as relying most heavily on migrant workers. This phase is also designated for the collection of primary data through field work and surveys.

 

Phase IV: Comparative analysis of data (August 2016 – April 2017)

During Phase IV, country data will be centralised and analysed, both quantitatively and qualitatively, using a comparative perspective in order to draw general conclusions about the economic contribution of labour immigration in developing countries.

 

Phase V: Dissemination and discussion of results (May 2017 – January 2018)

Finally, during the final phase, the main findings will be presented at the country level and discussed with the representatives and relevant authorities of partner countries. These meetings will provide the opportunity to analyse and discuss the policy implications of the findings with regards to both existing and future policies. Furthermore, a final report will be drafted and subsequently presented during a final conference that will gather representatives from each partner country, as well as experts and policy makers from other countries.

 

 

Contact us

 

For more information about this project, please contact DEV.Migration@oecd.org

 

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