Overview of Risk Reduction Approaches
Finland addresses risk reduction of certain PFAS through EU regulations. Actions have been largely concentrated on PFOS phase-out and the risks related to its alternatives. There is no PFOS production in Finland. Finland has conducted a survey on the use of PFOS and related substances as well as their alternatives in metal plating.
In the past, the largest open application in Finland is assumed to have been the use of PFOS containing firefighting foams (inventory established in 2006 and 2008), which has been prohibited since 2011. Consequently, Finland has carried out a screening study on the possible sites with ground water and surface water contamination from use of AFFF with a view to evaluate the possible risk on drinking water supplies. A proposal of a limit value for PFOS in drinking water is under consideration. Finland has also done sporadic screening of PFAS compounds in fish since 2009 and surface and ground waters since 2014. Voluntary awareness raising campaigns to representatives of various sectors has also been accomplished.
Table with Key Elements of Risk Reduction Approaches
|Action||Path taken||BEPs Implemented||Category of PFASss addressed||Articles covered?||Life cycle stage(s) addressed||Method of approach||Public- private partnership encouraged?||Level of constraint|
See European Union actions
|Screening of PFASs in the environment||Continuous screening||Not relevant||Primarily PFOS and PFOA||Not relevant||Discharges from all life cycles are addressed||Analysis||No||None|
|Screening of PFAS polluted soil at airport fire drill sites||Screening/Risk assessments||No||PFOS and other relevant PFASs||No||End use||Anlysis/ voluntary||None|
|Mapping of uses of PFOS and the alternatives on the hard metal plating||Survey||Not relevant||PFOS and its salts||No||Use in the production||Interview||None|