Canada, the world's second largest country by area, has abundant natural resources. Its vast territory includes large tracts of undisturbed wilderness. However, urbanisation and agriculture are putting pressure on the natural asset base. Since 2000, Canada has made progress in decoupling economic growth from air pollution, energy consumption and GHG emissions, but it remains one of the most energy- and emissions-intensive economies in the OECD. Further progress is needed to transition to a green, low-carbon economy.
This is the third Environmental Performance Review of Canada. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with special features on climate change mitigation and urban wastewater management.
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The tax-to-GDP ratio in Canada decreased by 0.3 percentage points, from 32.0% in 2015 to 31.7% in 2016. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.3 percentage points from 34.0% to 34.3% over the same period.
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This note presents selected country highlights from the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 with a specific focus on digital trends among all themes covered.
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This note presents selected findings based on the set of well-being indicators published in How's Life? 2017.
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Canada’s population is slightly healthier than the OECD average, considering life expectancy and other general measures of health status. Smoking and alcohol consumption are also a little lower than the OECD average, but obesity rates are high. Indicators for access and quality of care are generally good, achieved with a level of health spending not much higher than the OECD average.
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Selected findings for Canada from the report "Preventing Ageing Unequally"
Government at a Glance provides a dashboard of key indicators to help you analyse international comparisons of public sector performance.
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Selected findings for Canada from the report "The Pursuit of Gender Equality: An Uphill Battle"
Under Action 14, countries have committed to implement a minimum standard to strengthen the effectiveness and efficiency of the mutual agreement procedure (MAP). The MAP is included in Article 25 of the OECD Model Tax Convention and commits countries to endeavour to resolve disputes related to the interpretation and application of tax treaties. The Action 14 Minimum Standard has been translated into specific terms of reference and a methodology for the peer review and monitoring process. The minimum standard is complemented by a set of best practices.
The peer review process is conducted in two stages. Stage 1 assesses countries against the terms of reference of the minimum standard according to an agreed schedule of review. Stage 2 focuses on monitoring the follow-up of any recommendations resulting from jurisdictions' stage 1 peer review report. This report reflects the outcome of the stage 1 peer review of the implementation of the Action 14 Minimum Standard by Canada, which is accompanied by a document addressing the implementation of best practices.
This report contains the 2017 Peer Review Report on the Exchange of Information on Request of Canada.