Water Charges in Brazil

The Ways Forward

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Published on November 27, 2017


This report examines the current system of water abstraction and pollution charges in operation in Brazil. It assesses the current system’s implementation challenges and provides possible solutions. The report explores how water charges can be both an effective means for dealing with water security issues, and a tool for enhancing economic growth and social welfare. Specific analysis is put forward for three case studies in the State of Rio de Janiero, the Paraiba do Sul River Basin and the Piancó-Piranhas-Açu River Basin. The report highlights that water charges need to operate in conjunction with an effective water regulatory regime and concludes with an Action Plan based on practical steps and recommendations for its implementation in the short, medium and long-term.


Foreword and acknowledgements
Executive summary
Assessment and recommendations
Why water charges matter in Brazil
Water charges in Brazil — The state of play
Practical issues for setting and managing water charges in Brazil
Sector-specific issues for setting and managing water charges
Governing water charges design and implementation
Annexes6 chapters available
The Paraíba do Sul River basin
The State of Rio de Janeiro
The Piancó-Piranhas Açu River basin
Action Plan
Charging for water abstraction and discharges – A checklist
List of stakeholders consulted during the policy dialogue
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The OECD report on Water Charges in Brazil was launched at XXII Brazilian Symposium of Water Resources, Florianopolis on 28 November 2017 in Brazil.

Read the launch speech  by Joaquim Oliveira Martins, Special Advisor to the Director OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Local Development and Tourism.


Browse the previous edition (2015)




The OECD Water Governance Programme advises governments at all levels on how to design and implement better water policies for better lives. It relies on multi-stakeholder engagement and bottom-up processes to produce policy analysis, policy dialogues, policy standards and a policy forum. Since its creation in 2009, it has produced evidence-based analysis, benchmarks and peer reviews. Following the adoption of the OECD Principles on Water Governance, work is under way to put them into practice at local, basin and national level in both member and non-member countries.

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