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Economic growth is projected to continue at 1.7% in 2018 and 2019. Domestic demand will be an important driver of growth, thanks notably to further declines in unemployment. Growth in 2018 will be supported by strong government and private investment. Inflation will ease in 2018 as past pressures dissipate and electricity prices are reduced.
Public debt is projected to decline in 2018 and 2019, despite planned reductions in labour taxation. Re-orientating public spending towards education and transport infrastructure investment to relieve bottlenecks, as well as strengthening competition in various professions and making it easier to start a business, would enhance productivity and inclusiveness. Raising skills and work opportunities for disadvantaged groups is also key to make growth more inclusive.
Economic Survey of Belgium (survey page)