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This note presents selected findings based on the set of well-being indicators published in How's Life? 2017.
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Australia’s population is healthier than the OECD average, considering life expectancy and other general measures of health status. Smoking consumption is also low, as is exposure to air pollution. But obesity rates are the fifth highest in the OECD. Further, despite universal health coverage, a relatively high share of the population reported skipping consultations due to cost. Quality of care indicators also show mixed results.
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Selected findings for Australia from the report "Preventing Ageing Unequally"
Government at a Glance provides a dashboard of key indicators to help you analyse international comparisons of public sector performance.
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Selected findings for Australia from the report "The Pursuit of Gender Equality: An Uphill Battle"
Australia’s overall performance in the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) ranges from average to very good. However, three million adults, representing one-fifth of the working age population, have low literacy and/or numeracy skills. Building Skills for All in Australia describes the characteristics of the low-skilled and discusses the consequences that low skills have on economic and social development for both individuals and Australian society. The review examines the strengths of the Australian skills system, highlighting the strong basic skills found in the migrant population, widespread proficiency in use of ICT and the positive role of workplaces in skills development. The study explores, moreover, the challenges facing the skills system and what can be done to enhance basic skills through education, training or other workplace measures. One of a series of studies on low basic skills, the review presents new analyses of PIAAC data and concludes with a series of policy recommendations. These include: increasing participation of women in STEM fields, addressing underperformance of post-secondary VET students and preventing drop-out, improving pre-apprenticeships, enhancing mathematics provision within secondary education and tackling poor access to childcare facilities for young mothers.
This report contains the 2017 Peer Review Report on the Exchange of Information on Request of Australia.
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Australia’s working-age employment rate (66% in the first quarter of 2017) substantially exceeds the OECD average (61%), and the unemployment rate (5.8%) remains slightly below the OECD average (6.1%).
The tax burden on labour income is expressed by the tax wedge, which is a measure of the net tax burden on labour income borne by the employee and the employer.
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Australia had the 28th lowest tax wedge among the 35 OECD member countries in 2016. The country occupied the same position in 2015. The average single worker in Australia faced a tax wedge of 28.6% in 2016 compared with the OECD average of 36.0%.